[ Location: Left Bank of River Yamuna; Goddess Yamuna;
Altitude: 3291 Meter; Built In: 19th Century ]
Opening Date : Akshaya - Tritiya
Closing Date : Diwali
Contact Number :
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Winter (November to April) Weather is freezing cold with heavy snowfall. Snowfall can be enjoyed during winters, especially from end of November till mid of March. Yamunotri temple is closed during this period. Only pro-trekkers and mountaineers visit the area for various trekking expeditions near Yamunotri.
Summer (May to June) Yamunotri are cool and winters are very cold, with rains. The gates of Yamunotri temple open during the start of summers. The weather is pleasant with observed maximum temperature around 20℃ and can get very cold at night. This is the best season for pilgrimage and sightseeing trips.
Monsoon (July to August) Monsoons in Yamunotri region starts from late July to August, and it makes difficult to reach the temple due to various landslides. Pilgrims are suggested to avoid travel during monsoon season. Due to heavy rainfall in the area, visitors may face difficulty reaching the temple during monsoon season (late July to August).
The best time to visit the holy city of Yamunotri is from April to June and September to November. The temple is open from last week of April to second week of November.
History of the Temple
Yamunotri Temple is situated in the western region of Garhwal Himalayas at an altitude of 3,291 metres. Maharani Gularia of Jaipur built the temple in the 19th century. The temple is dedicated to the river Yamuna, who is represented in the form of a silver idol, bedecked with garlands and reconstructed by Maharaja Pratap Shah of Tehri Garhwal.
The Shrine of Yamunotri at the source of river Yamuna is the western - most shrine in the Garhwal Himalayas. Atop is a flank of Bandar Poonch peak (3615 m). The actual source, a frozen lake of ice and glacier (Champasar Glacier) located on the Kalind Mountain at the height of 4421 m above sea level is about 1 km further up is not easily accessible. Hence the shrine has been located on the foot of the hill. The Temple of divine mother Yamuna was built by Maharaja Pratap Shah of Tehri Garhwal. The tiny Yamuna has icy cold water and its absolute innocence and the infantile purity heightens that deep feeling of reverence, which Yamunotri has for the devout. According to the legend ancient sage Asit Muni had his hermitage here. The trek to Yamunotri is truly spectacular, dominated by a panorama of rugged peaks and dense forests.
The deity or Goddess Yamuna is made of black marble. The temple is dedicated to the river Yamuna, who is represented in the form of a silver idol, bedecked with garlands.
Close to the temple are hot water springs gushing out from the mountain cavities. Suryakund is the most important Kund. Near the Suryakund there is a shila called Divya Shila, which is worshipped before puja is offered to the deity. Devotees prepare rice and potatoes to offer at the shrine by dipping them in these hot water springs, tied in muslin cloth. Rice so cooked is taken back home as prasadam.
The pujaris of Yamunotri come from the village of Kharsali near Jankichatti.